## How to Calculate Mass Conservation and Energy Balance

##### Fabio Bocchi October 14, 2015

As a technical support engineer, one of the most common technical questions I receive is: “How can I compute the mass conservation of a fluid flow simulation or the energy balance of a conjugate heat transfer simulation?” This is often requested to investigate and ensure a simulation’s accuracy. Here, I will demonstrate how to perform these calculations in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and introduce some predefined variables available for postprocessing the energy rate terms of the energy balance equation.

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### The Physics of Tennis Racket Sweet Spots

##### Fabio Bocchi August 27, 2015

Each year, tennis players from around the world compete at the U.S. Open, one of the oldest and largest tennis tournaments. With the 2015 tournament approaching, I found myself reflecting on my own experiences playing tennis, particularly how the feeling you get after hitting the ball is never quite the same. Is this simply a figment of the imagination or is there a physical answer? As I will explain here, so-called “sweet spots” can account for this feeling.

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### Yield Surfaces and Plastic Flow Rules in Geomechanics

##### Fabio Bocchi October 16, 2014

In order to ensure safe geotechnical building methods, specific applications require certain foundations and structure reinforcements. Tests are quite expensive to carry out, so simulation can be really useful and even essential. Many numerical models have been developed to give a deep insight into soil behavior. Here, we introduce the most widespread models for soils available in COMSOL Multiphysics and analyze a tunnel excavation example.

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### How to Model Residual Stresses Using COMSOL Multiphysics

##### Fabio Bocchi June 5, 2014

Today, we will introduce the concept of residual stresses in structural mechanics and find out how to compute them by taking the example of a deep metal drawing process. First, we will explain how they can be computed and interpreted in a bending beam example with or without work hardening. Then, we will introduce a sheet metal forming model.

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