Modeling Fluid-Structure Interaction in Multibody Mechanisms

Soumya SS March 20, 2019

Simulating the interaction of a multibody mechanism with surrounding fluid is often an interesting but challenging task for many design engineers. The COMSOL® software provides an easy solution for this problem with the Fluid-Structure Interaction, Pair multiphysics coupling, available as of version 5.4. In this blog post, we discuss the Fluid-Structure Interaction, Pair multiphysics coupling in detail along with an interesting example.

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Thomas Forrister March 18, 2019

When performing a tensile test on a specimen with a certain geometry and a ductile material, a phenomenon called necking can occur. At a certain load, the deformation is no longer homogeneous, and a localized “neck” develops. Engineers can use simulation to predict when it will occur. In a benchmark model illustrating the necking of an elastoplastic metal bar, the COMSOL® software is used to solve the numerical model, the results of which have been validated by published research.

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Henrik Sönnerlind March 15, 2019

In a previous blog post, we introduced various physical phenomena that cause damping in structures and showed how such damping can be represented mathematically. Today, we follow up by looking at how to actually include damping in finite element models.

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Henrik Sönnerlind March 14, 2019

If you strike a bowl made of glass or metal, you hear a tone with an intensity that decays with time. In a world without damping, the tone would linger forever. In reality, there are several physical processes through which the kinetic and elastic energy in the bowl dissipate into other energy forms. In this blog post, we will discuss how damping can be represented, and the physical phenomena that cause damping in vibrating structures.

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Fanny Griesmer March 11, 2019

Success in today’s marketplace comes down to both developing reliable products that work as intended and launching them at the right time. Like many other companies out there, Veryst Engineering has found that simulation is an effective tool for looking inside a product and ensuring that the design meets specifications prior to prototyping or manufacturing. For this to work, simulations have to match real-world responses, and understanding material behavior plays a central role. However, not all materials behave predictably.

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Bridget Paulus March 8, 2019

Small, powerful, and efficient, thermal actuators are a good choice for devices such as thermostats and MEMS. This type of actuator heats up via an applied voltage and deforms in such a way that it “actuates” another component. Thermal actuators involve tightly coupled electrical, thermal, and structural phenomena that affect device performance and must be accounted for. Using the COMSOL® software, you can gain insight into these multiphysics interactions and optimize thermal actuator designs.

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Bridget Paulus February 12, 2019

Heating circuits can be found in airplanes, electronic message boards, medical storage devices, and much more. Like many other heating elements, these circuits work through resistive heating, a multiphysics process involving electric currents, heat transfer, and structural deformation. To account for these phenomena and other key design factors, engineers can create virtual prototypes of heating circuits using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software.

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Thomas Forrister February 6, 2019

A doctor sits down and discusses treatment options with a patient that has coronary artery disease. Typically, a stenting procedure is used to increase blood flow to the heart, but there are complications: The arteries around this patient’s heart have an atypical anatomy. Fortunately, there are self-expanding stents, which can provide the desired fit and even adapt to vessel changes over time. Here, we use simulation to examine how such stents expand to the artery diameter.

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Guest Eric Linvill January 31, 2019

Guest blogger Eric Linvill of Lightness by Design shares how materials modeling provides insight into paperboard formation and bending resistance. Formation is a fundamental physical characteristic of paper that can have profound effects on the production and performance of that paper. The finite element method can be utilized to better understand how formation affects mechanical quality control tests and their results. Using the Lorentzen & Wettre (L&W) bending resistance (15°) test, we investigate how paperboard formation affects bending resistance.

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Henrik Sönnerlind January 30, 2019

You can perform response spectrum analyses with a study type introduced in version 5.4 of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. In this blog post, we will give an introduction to how you can analyze a structure subjected to a short transient excitation being described by a response spectrum.

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Thomas Forrister January 29, 2019

When you think of fire protection measures, what might come to mind first is the logistics of getting everyone out of the building safely (i.e., without exposure to hazardous smoke, chemicals, and hot temperatures). Supporting these procedures are active measures like alarm and sprinkler systems, and passive measures built into the structure to minimize damage. To ensure that a building is designed with fire protection in mind, engineers can simulate actions on structures exposed to fire.

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