G. Zhu, E.M. Dede
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
In previous work, a two-dimensional (2D) model was carried out to simulate the phononic band structure of a phononic crystal with square lattice structure, but this model did not account for the out-of-plane phonon dispersions . In fact, for 2D films used for coating materials, it is more interesting to understand their cross-plane properties. In this work, the phonon dispersion relation of ...
R. Nopper, J. Clark, C. Miller
DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA
DuPont Company, Beaumont, TX, USA
Stress and failure in the earth have long been observed to couple to hydrogeology. Poroelastic models, introduced by soil scientists, can account for strong two-way coupling between porous crustal rock formations and their pore fluids. Current efforts to provide new energy resources (water injection in EGS, enhanced oil recovery) and to reduce pollution (CO2 sequestration, deepwell disposal) ...
J.R. Puentes, T.A. Osswald, S. Schick, J. Berg
Polymer Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
TEEL Plastics, Baraboo, WI, USA
The extrusion of polyolefin pipes suffers degradation due to mechanical design problems of the extrusion die that is commonly used. This study uses numerical and computational approaches to detect problematic areas in the die geometry. Simulations show that in the conventional die there are areas of stagnation and recirculation of the melt flow, resulting in greater residence times, one of the ...
Pulsed Eddy Current Probe Development to Detect Inner Layer Cracks Near Ferrous Fasteners Using COMSOL Modeling Software
V. Babbar, P. Whalen, T. Krause
Department of Physics, Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
Surface breaking cracks in conductive structures can be detected by conventional eddy current techniques. However, it is very difficult to detect inner layer defects in multilayered conductive structures either by conventional eddy current or ultrasonic methods. The transient/pulsed eddy current (PEC) technology can potentially overcome these limitations and is being developed for detection of ...
Voxtel, Inc, Beaverton, OR, USA
University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
In this paper the heat transfer module in COMSOL is utilized to simulate internal heating of an Avalanche Photodiode due to light-induced current through a resistivity that depends on charge carrier concentrations in the device. Initial tests are done by modeling the heating process on a previously-solved silicon p-n junction as a proof of concept before advancing to a more complicated geometry. ...
D. Groulx, F. Samara, P.H. Biwole
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Department of Mathematics and Interactions, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, France
Design of latent heat energy storage systems (LHESS) requires knowledge of heat transfer processes within them, as well as the phase change behavior of the phase change material (PCM) use. COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model (LHESS). Natural convection plays a crucial role during the charging phase of the LHESS, and methods to incorporate this heat transfer mode within COMSOL simulation ...
A. Jeremic, E. Khosrowshahli
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Although mammography is extremely important diagnostic technique, it suffers from some limitations such as false negative and positive results, using ionizing radiation and patient’s discomfort. Microwave imaging has been recently proposed as an additional medical imaging technique which can potentially overcome some of the shortcomings of the mammography. We believe that the accuracy of ...
D. Bassett, M. Carcasi, W. Printz
Tokyo Electron America, Austin, TX, USA
In semiconductor manufacturing, effective cleaning of structures with liquid is one of the most important and potentially difficult process steps. It is important because it remains the cheapest and most cost-effective method to remove particles and residues from the structures in order to prevent defects, but can also be difficult because as the structures dry, surface tension forces can cause ...
Design Geometry Optimization of Vertical Cracks in Thermal Barrier Coatings from Simulated Thermal and Mechanical Behavior
C. Heveran, J. Xu, D. Cole, S. Basu, V. Sarin
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA
Turbine blades are coated with thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) to reduce operating temperature. TBCs experience stress from coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch with the bond-coat and substrate. Vertical cracks are thought to offer stress relief, but influence of crack geometry on TBC thermal and mechanical properties is not well understood. A two-dimensional, steady-state model is employed ...
Y. Lu, E. Garboczi, D. Bentz
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
The prediction of concrete materials service life is not easy, because the complex heterogeneous microstructure and the random nature of concrete materials. Study the presence of cracks in concrete and their effect on coupled reaction and transport are of great interest in civil engineering. Cracks with different widths and depths will reduce the cover thickness and accelerate the migration of ...