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Computational Modeling and Simulation of the Human Duodenum

B. Hari[1], S. Bakalis[1], P. Fryer[1]
[1]The University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Worldwide attention in the computational modeling and simulation of the human intestine is increasing in order to help understand its complex behavior and improve health. Computational fluid dynamics is an essential tool to understand the mechanics and transport phenomena of the human intestine, thereby advancing the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal related diseases. The aim of this ...

Microscale Simulation of Nanoparticles Transport in Porous Media for Groundwater Remediation

F. Messina[1], M. Icardi[1], D. Machisio[2], R. Sethi[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino - DIATI, Torino, Italy
[2]Politecnico di Torino - DISAT, Torino, Italy

Nanoscale zerovalent iron is a promising reagent for the remediation of contaminated groundwater. The aim of the study is to simulate the transport of iron nanoparticles and their interaction with the porous media, their attachment and deposition on the soil grains. The particles trajectories is determined by several forces, some of them are significance only close to grains surfaces where, ...

Simulation and Design of an Oven for PET Blow Molding Machines

M. Mor[1], C. Seneci[1], V. Zacché[1], C. Remino[1], G. Petrogalli[1], D. Fausti[1]
[1]Polibrixia, Brescia, Italy

This paper presents the study and design of a new generation oven for PET blow-molding machines. The design faced several technical challenges such as: the temperature distribution in the critical areas, the sharp curvature radius, the high PET thermal inertia and the presence of boundary elements, which affected the overall performances. The work included an analysis of the preform material ...

Solar Cell Cooling and Heat Recovery in a Concentrated Photovoltaic System

M. Cozzini[1]
[1]Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), Renewable Energies and Environmental Technologies (REET) Unit, Trento, Italy

Concentrated photovoltaic systems with high efficiency solar cells are being widely investigated, aiming at improving the cost-efficiency balance in the solar energy field. Different cell types are in use: e.g., high concentration triple junction cells, reaching efficiencies of the order of 35 - 40 % at 1000 suns, and medium concentration mono-crystalline silicon cells, with efficiencies of the ...

Ampacity Simulation of a High Voltage Cable Used in Offshore Wind Farms

E. Pelster[1]
[1]Wenger Engineering, Ulm, Germany

The ampacity of a cable depends on the cross section of its conductor. When selecting a cable design for a specific application it is of interest to choose the lowest possible conductor cross section in order to reduce material costs. Therefore an exact calculation of the ampacity is necessary (it is usually limited by the thermal resistance of the insulating cable materials). Commonly the ...

Easy Evaluation of Streamer Discharge Criteria

G. Eriksson[1]
[1]ABB, Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden

An easily implemented method is devised, where analytical criteria for the occurrence of streamer discharges in strong electric fields are evaluated. This is highly useful when designing high voltage power transmission systems and components where the insulation is provided by a gas, e.g. air or SF6.

Modeling of Ultrasonic Fatigue-Life Testing Machine

D. Dimitrov[1], V. Mihailov[1], B. Kostov[1]
[1]Technical University of Varna, Varna, Bulgaria

Usually fatigue-life tests of materials are long, time-consuming and expensive. With the development of high power piezoceramic actuators nowadays it is possible to provide at very high cycles 10e10 fatigue tests (VHCF) for reasonable times, at high frequency. The ultrasonic fatigue machine consists of piezoceramic transducer, booster, horn and specimen made of tested material. System works in ...

Modeling of Pulsed Laser Thermal Annealing for Junction Formation Optimization and Process Control

R. Negru [1], K. Huet[1], P. Ceccato[1], B. Godard[1]
[1]Excico, Gennevilliers, France

It is now a well known that the next generation devices in many fields of the semiconductor industry will be based on 3D architectures. In this framework, low thermal budget annealing technological solutions are required. For many applications, either in the field of sensors, microprocessors or high density memories, the Laser Thermal Annealing (LTA), an ultrafast and low thermal budget process, ...

Modeling the Chemical Decomposition of Sodium Carbonate Peroxyhydrate

M. Brundu[1], V. Guida[1]
[1]Procter & Gamble Italia, Pomezia, Roma, Italy

The challenge with the use of Sodium Carbonate Peroxyhydrate (Na2CO3*1.5H2O2) as a bleach source in dry detergent formulations is its lower stability in comparison with other materials, and the risk of quality losses of the product over the shelf life. The issue can be solved with the understanding and modeling of the decomposition mechanism of the powder. It is well known that the decomposition ...

Thermoacoustic Analysis of Combustion Instability Importing RANS Data

G. Campa[1], E. Cosatto[2], S. Camporeale[1]
[1]Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy
[2]Ansaldo Energia, Genova, Italy

A hybrid technique based on the use of the FEM and the transfer matrix method is used to identify the frequencies at which thermoacoustic instabilities are expected and the growth rate of the pressure oscillations at the onset of instability. The Helmholtz equation is used to model the combustion chamber and the classical ?-? formulation for the flame model is adopted. The gas turbine combustion ...