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Electrical Behaviour of a Li-ion Polymer Battery

P. Alamar[1], J. Esarte[1]
[1]Fundación CETENA, Navarra, Spain

With a view to estimating electrical characteristics of a Polymer Li-ion Battery during specific charge and discharge conditions, a COMSOL Multiphysics® model has been developed that accounts for electrochemical phenomena inside the device. Cell model has been created using the Li-Ion Battery interface, customizing material properties and electrochemical reactions. The electrochemical parameters ...

Numerical Modeling of Alkaline Fuel Cell

S. Dudi[1], R. K. Krishnan[2]
[1]IIT Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] ARCI, IITM Research Park, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

A fuel cell is an efficient and clean alternative power source of energy. Alkaline anion exchange membrane (AAEM) fuel cells are one in which conduction of oH- (hydroxyl ion) take place. The advantages of using alkaline fuel cells over proton exchange membrane fuel cells is that electrochemical kinetics is fast and alkaline environment is friendly for catalysts. Experiments performed at ...

Steady-state simulation of mono-valent ion distributions within a nanofluidic channel

W. Booth[1], J. Schiffbauer[1], J. Fernandez[2], K. Kelley[3], A. Timperman[3], and B. Edwards[1]

[1]Physics Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[2]Chemical Engineering Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[3]Chemistry Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

The steady-state non-equilibrium distributions of two species of mono-valent ions around a charged nanofluidic channel have been examined. Large reservoirs were placed on either side of the nanoscale channel to simulate bulk concentration of ions in a fluid. Results from COMSOL Multiphysics simulations show that the effect of the potential bias across the nanochannel yields a significant ...


朱国利 [1], 李亚东 [1], 李焰 [1],
[1] 中国石油大学(华东),青岛,中国

管道输送是油气能源长距离输送的重要途径。目前管道连接多采用焊接完成,焊接是一个复杂的非平衡物理化学过程,焊接接头各组成部分的成分、组织和性能都存在差异,同时还容易产生裂纹、气孔、夹杂和未熔合等焊接缺陷和较大的残余应力,使得焊接接头成为管道工程中的薄弱环节。在服役介质中,焊接接头存在宏观腐蚀电池与微观腐蚀电池耦合的多相电化学反应而引起局部腐蚀,可能导致整个构件失效,引发严重的安全事故,造成重大的经济损失甚至人身伤亡。利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 多物理场仿真软件的腐蚀模块和二次电流分布接口对 X80 钢焊接接头在 CO2 饱和的 NACE 溶液中的电流密度及电位分布进行了仿真,并利用参数化扫描功能,模拟了焊缝与母材不同比例条件下的腐蚀行为。(图1)、(图2)、(图3)和(图4)分别为焊缝:母材=1:3和1:8条件下焊接接头在 NACE 溶液中的电流密度和电位分布 ...

Zinc Corrosion in a Crevice

C. Taxén, and D. Persson
Swerea-Kimab, Stockholm, Sweden

Corrosion of metals in confined zones is a big industrial problem. The electrochemistry of such localized corrosion processes is complicated by the impact of the corrosion processes on the composition of the local solution. In the present problem, local interaction with the atmosphere causes uptake of O2 and CO2 and evaporation of water from the initially dilute NaCl-solution. This model ...

Numerical Modelling of Electrophoresis Applied to Restoration of Archaeological Organic Materials

J. Caire[1], A. Bouh[1], and E. Guilminot[2]
[1]LEPMI, UMR 5631, INPG - CNRS, Saint Martin d’Hères, France
[2]EPCC, Arc'Antique, Nantes, France

Restoration of archaeological materials from oceans is a major activity of Arc’ Antique. Organic materials such as wood, tissues, leathers, papers and ceramics found in sea water are always impregnated with salts. Rinsing such archaeological objects with pure water to extract the salts takes too long, so electrophoresis was used to improve the salt extraction. The objective of this ...

Three Dimensional Modeling of PEM Fuel Cells with Current Collection from the Gas Diffusion Layer

R. Pushpangadan[1], A. Soman[2], Arundas R.[2], N. G. Thoppan[2], S. P. Duttagupta[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]College of Engineering, Munnar, Kerala, India

PEM fuel cells are very promising for portable applications. A key component of fuel cell is the flow field plate through which hydrogen will reach the anode, oxygen will reach the cathode and electron collection. Flow field plate made of silicon is not a good electrical conductor , so electrical contacts has to be attached to the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) for taking the power to outside ...

High-Temperature Sodium/Metal Chloride Storage Battery

M. Vallance[1], and R. White[2]
[1]General Electric Global Research Center, Niskayuna, NY, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

Sodium/metal chloride storage batteries, used in hybrid propulsion applications, provide high energy and power densities safely and reliably. To understand the dynamics of electrochemical cycling, a high-temperature sodium/ferrous chloride storage cell was modeled in two dimensions. The time-dependent solution shows that a reaction front, starting at the interface with the negative electrode, ...

Modeling of HTPEM Fuel Cell Start-Up Process by Using COMSOL Multiphysics

Y. Wang[1], D. Uwe Sauer[1]
[1]Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...

Magneto-hydrodynamic Flow in Electrolyte Solutions

M. Qin[1], and H. Bau[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA

The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...