Numerical Simulation of the Functional Electromagnetic Stimulation of the Human Femoral Bone using COMSOL
Y. Haba, W. Kröger, H. Ewald, R. Souffrant, W. Mittelmeier, and R. Bader
Biomechanics and Implant Technology Research Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
In the present study we determined the relative conductivities and permittivities of fresh cortical and cancellous bone measuring human femoral heads in different slices of 1 mm thickness. The identified conductivities of human trabecular bone are used for the electromagnetic field simulation by means of COMSOL using a Micro-Computed Tomography (Micro-CT) model. The calculated model depends on a ...
Laser Interstitial Thermo Therapy (LITT) for Prostate Cancer Animal Model: Numerical Simulation of Temperature and Damage Distribution
M.F. Marqa, P. Colin, P. Nevoux, S. Mordon, and N. Betrouni
University of Lille, CHRU, Lille, France
Laser interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) is a cancer treatment technique in which laser fibers are introduced inside the tumor. While it destroys deep tumors, the LITT procedure allows minimizing the impact on adjacent healthy structures. One of the effective methods to perform treatment planning for LITT is simulation. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the heat distribution and thermal ...
J.Borana, J.M.Lee, B.G.Chung
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, India
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea
We developed the dual-micropillar-based microfluidic platform to control cellular behavior. The 4×4 dual micro-pillar based platform consists of 16 circular-shaped outer micropillars and 8 saddle shaped inner-micropillars. We simulated various shapes of inner micropillars to analyze the shear stress inside the inner micropillar. Therefore, this dual-micropillar-based microfluidic platform could ...
An Assessment of the Suitability of the Body and Adult Head Coils for Transmission during Paediatric Magnetic Resonance Imaging
G.R. Cook, M.J. Graves, F.J. Robb, D.J. Lomas
Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
General Electric Healthcare Coils, Aurora, Ohio, USA
MRI offers many advantages over other modalities and its lack of ionizing radiation is important for children, but can be limited by the radio-frequency (RF) coils available. This work calculates Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and homogeneity of the RF transmit field (B1+) when imaging infants in adult coils. Two birdcage-type coils were loaded by a tissue model and their B1+ homogeneities ...
R. Samso, N. Forquet, P. Molle, J. Garcia
Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France
Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...
P. Guha, P. Sharma, V. Malhotra, S. Mishra
CSIR - Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh, India
Proper storage of grains depends on minimizing attacks of insects, fungi, mites, etc. Development of such pests can be controlled by controlling the temperature of the storage chamber. Hence, before designing grain storage chambers, mathematical modeling and numerical simulations should be performed to predict the temperature distributions. Changes in storage temperature may occur due to several ...
M. A. Chetoui , O. Boiron , A. Dogui , V. Deplano ,
 Université de Monastir, Ecole Nationale D'ingénieurs de Monastir; Ecole centrale Marseille, Marseille, France
 Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, Ecole Centrale, Marseille, France
 Université de Monastir, Ecole Nationale D'ingénieurs de Monastir, Marseille, France
Intervertebral discs (IVD) are fibro-cartilages situated between vertebrae providing their joint flexibility. They play a major role in the transmission and absorption of load through the spine. The disc can undergo progressive structural and quantitative changes in its composition and morphology related to mechanical load applied to the spine which can lead to disc degeneration; this disease is ...
Modeling Arterial Drug Transport From Drug-eluting Stents: Effect of Blood Flow on the Concentration Distribution Close to the Endothelial Surface
F. Bozsak, J.-M. Chomaz, and A. I. Barakat
LadHyX, Ecole Polytechnique
Drug-eluting stents (DES) are commonly used for treating coronary atherosclerosis. Despite the broad effectiveness of DES, ~5% of treated patients experience complications including in-stent restenosis and late-stent thrombosis. Furthermore, drugs used in DES not only inhibit proliferation of smooth muscle cells but also affect re-endothelialization. We have developed a computational model ...
Simulations of Heat and Mass Transport During Biomass Conversion Processes Using 3D Biomass Particle Models with Realistic Morphology and Resolved Microstructure - new
P. Ciesielski, M. Crowley, L. Thompson, B. Donohoe, D. Robichaud, A. Sanders, M. Nimlos, T. Foust
Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
Quantum Electronics & Photonics Division, National Institute of Standards & Technology, Boulder, CO, USA
Predictive simulations of biomass conversion processes will improve their technical performance and reduce economic uncertainty surrounding industrialization of biofuels production. The majority of present conversion simulations treat the biomass feedstock with simplifying assumptions that neglect important characteristics that are unique to biomass particles. These characteristics, including ...
L. Weng , F. Ellett , J. F. Edd , M. Toner [1,2],
 Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
 Shriners Hospital for Children, Boston, MA, USA
Array-based technologies are important for many applications in drug discovery, microbiology and cell biology. A large-scale array of single cells allows high-throughput monitoring of behaviors of individual cells in parallel, avoiding the lack of cell specificity inherent to bulk measurement methods. Here, we designed a passive-pumping microfluidic device for trapping cells in an array and used ...