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3D Modeling of Hydrogen Absorption in Metal Hydride Hydrogen Storage Bottles

R. Busqué [1], R. Torres [1], A. Husar [2], J. Grau [1]
[1] Escola Universitària d'Enginyeria Tècnica Industrial de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
[2] Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial CSIC-UPC, Barcelona, Spain

The storage of hydrogen as an absorbed element in metal hydride bottles is a promising technique for energy storage. In this work, a three-dimensional model of a charging process in a metal hydride container has been developed to simulate the absorption reaction and resultant heat and mass transport phenomena in metal hydride vessels. The model has been experimentally validated showing a good ...

Thermomechanical Modeling of Dislocation Density Increase During PVT of SiC Crystals

D. Jauffrès [1], J. M. Dedulle [2], D. Chaussende [2], K. Ariyawong [2]
[1] Univ. Grenoble Alpes, LMGP, SIMAP, CNRS, Grenoble, France
[2] Univ. Grenoble Alpes, LMGP, CNRS, Grenoble, France

During Physical Vapor Transport (PVT) growth of single 4H-SiC crystal and subsequent cooling down, thermal stresses lead to the multiplication of dislocations that are non-desirable for the semiconductor applications of this material. These dislocations induced by thermal stresses could be reduced by an appropriate control of the thermal gradients inside du crystal during its growth and cooling ...

Numerical Design of a Test Plant for Dynamic Analysis of High Temperature Thermoelectric Generators

M. Rohne [1], A. Schlott [1], V. Pacheco [1], J. Meinert [1],
[1] Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM, Branch Lab Dresden, Dresden, Germany

Thermoelectric generators (TEG) use Seebeck’s effect to directly convert heat into electricity. TEG represent, therefore, a promising option for energy harvesting of waste heat, for example in car exhaust systems. To investigate the dynamic behavior of high temperature TEG, a test facility was numerically designed and finally constructed. Transient thermal simulations were performed in order to ...

Optimal Thermal Design of Converged-Diverged Microchannel Heat Sinks for High Heat Flux Applications

D. Chakravarthii [1], S. Subramani [1], M. Devarajan [1],
[1] Univeristy of Science Malaysia (USM), Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia

With the advancements in aerospace technology, micro-electromechanical systems, hybrid data centres and microfluidics, the miniature size electronic chips in such applications are need of the century. The major challenge in microelectronic chips is to eliminate the generated heat for stable and reliable operation of devices. Microchannel heat sinks are efficient method to dissipate heat when the ...

Mathematical Model of Vacuum Foam Drying - new

M. Sramek[1], J. Weiss[2], R. Kohlus[1]
[1]Department of Food Processing Engineering, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, Germany
[2]Department of Meat Science and Food Physics, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, Germany

The mathematical model is closely related to the development of a novel drying method for high viscous and sticky materials. The foamed state facilitates diffusive moisture transport and therefore accelerating the drying process. Moreover the dried porous material can be easily converted into the powder. The mathematical modelling aimed at evaluating the complex drying process as basic ...

Asymmetry Induced Terminal Voltage Improvement in Mg2Si-based Thermoelectric Unicouple

P. Priyadarshi [1], J. Bahl [1], B. Muralidharan [1]
[1] Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India

Thermoelectric power generation has been envisioned as a clean energy alternative to conventional thermal to electric power generation for decades due to its noiseless and low-cost operation. However, a typical thermoelectric generator suffers from low device efficiency, so it has been a constant endeavor for thermoelectric researchers’ community to consider alternate thermoelectric materials ...

Influence of Notches in Corners of Casement Windows on Stress Experienced in the Aluminum Profiles under Thermal Load

J. Arfaoui [1], L. Fromme [1]
[1] University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Bielefeld, Germany

Modern aluminum casement windows consist of an inner and outer profile made of aluminum, which are separated by an insulating bar made of polyamide (see Figure 1). Due to the low heat conductivity of the plastic material the thermal interaction between the living space and the surrounding is reduced significantly, but thermal expansion of the different materials could cause elastic or even ...

Thermal Simulations of Naturally Ventilated Buildings

C. K. Kuruba [1], R. C. Thiagarajan [1],
[1] ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Ventilation is mainly used to control indoor air quality and for the purpose of thermal comfort by diluting and displacing pollutants. Because of the effects it has on health, comfort, and serviceability, indoor air quality in our homes is becoming of increasing concern to many people. Many countries even push citizens to opt for energy conservation , energy savings buildings based on natural ...

Heat Transfer Model for Embedded Thermocouple in Firefighter Glove

D. Mrugala, T. Riebeck, and W. Lang
Institute for Microsensors, -actuators and –systems (IMSAS)
University of Bremen
Bremen, Germany

The Integration of contact heat measurement with intelligent fire fighter gloves assumes parametric simulations with the heat transfer module of COMSOL. A thermocouple is embedded into high temperature protective layers of the glove and measures contact heat. This is done by by pressing the hand backside of the glove against a hot device like a door. The Heat transfer module has been used to ...

Hydrodynamic and Thermal Modeling in a Deep Geothermal Aquifer, Faulted Sedimentary Basin, France

E. Malcuit[1], A.L. Gille[1]
[1]CFG Services, Orléans, France

Within projects of geothermal energy, we need hydrodynamic and thermal modeling to forecast the impacts of geothermal deep wells on existing wells. In case of pumping and reinjection of the geothermal fluid in a deep groundwater reservoir, located in a sedimentary basin with lateral and vertical lithology variations and major faults, it is fundamental to understand the behaviour of the ...