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Investigation of Scattering Effects in Colloidal Systems

D. M. Forrester [1],
[1] Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom

When the particles in a colloid come close to each other, multiple scattering in ultrasonic beams is no longer negligible and crowded particle effects emerge. The presence of each particle affects the scattering of all others, leading to coupling effects. We investigate the interaction of a range of sizes of particles, arranged periodically or randomly (in medium to high ultrasonic frequency ...

Transient Analysis of the Buoyance Driven Flow in a Passive Solar System of Indoor Heating

G. Petrone, G. Cammarata, and L. Cammarata
Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Italy

This study aims to numerically investigate on a passive solar system for indoor heating called as \"Trombe wall\". The transient buoyancy driven flow characterizing that system and the thermal distribution are solved by numerically integrating the governing equations in COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Simulations are carried-out for a time range corresponding to 12 days. The results are ...

Theoretical Study Of Porous Silicon Waveguides And Their Applicability For Vapour Sensing

T. Hutter[1], N. Bamiedakis[2], and S. Elliott[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, UK
[2]Centre for Advanced Photonics and Electronics, Engineering Department, University of Cambridge, UK

The finite-element method (FEM) (COMSOL RF Module) has been employed for modal analyses of porous silicon (PSi) waveguides composed of a guiding layer of low porosity (high refractive index) on a cladding layer with higher porosity (lower refractive index). These can be made by switching the current density from a lower to a higher value during the electrochemical etching process. The ...

Determination of Electric Potential Distribution and Cell Resistance of a Uranium Electrorefining Cell

S.P. Ruhela, S. Agarwal, B. Muralidharan, B.K. Sharma, B.P. Reddy, G. Ravisankar, K. Nagarajan, C.A. Babu, and P. Kalyanasundaram
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603 102, Tamil Nadu, India

Electrorefining is an electrolytic process for obtaining high purity metal. In this process the impure metal is made anode and the high purity metal is deposited on cathode. Electrorefining is a key step in pyrochemical reprocessing of spent fuel from metal fuel fast reactors. Development of an electrorefining cell, in which processing of 10 kg of simulated spent fuel will be demonstrated, is ...

Effects Of The Microstructure Of Fibrous Media On Their Acoustic Properties

C. Peyrega, and D. Jeulin
Center of Mathematical Morphology, Mines ParisTech, Fontainebleau, France

This study is a part of the Silent Wall ANR project, to which the Center of Mathematical Morphology is associated. Its main objective is to build an acoustical and thermal insulating system for buildings, composed of fibrous materials. The material is composed of two phases: the fibrous network and the air surrounding it. At the microscopic scale the absorption of the acoustic wave is mainly ...

The Dissolution and Transport of Radionuclides From Used Nuclear Fuel in an Underground Repository

Y. Beauregard[1], M. Gobian[2], and F. Garisto[2]
[1]University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
[2]Nuclear Waste Management Organization, Toronto, ON, Canada

In the Canadian concept for a deep geological repository for used nuclear fuel, the used fuel bundles are placed in containers consisting of an inner steel vessel surrounded by a copper shell. The filled containers are placed in excavated tunnels or boreholes and surrounded by a compacted bentonite clay buffer material. In the event of container failure, the rate of migration of radionuclides ...

Detection of E.coli Cell using Capacitance Modulation

A.K. Dwivedi, R.M. Patrikar, R.B. Deshmukh, and G. Pendharkar
Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Testing and verification is very important to increase reliability of a system. In water analysis its purity is verified using different test methods. Biosensors are very useful to detect the microorganisms present in water. This paper presents a method to detect E.coli bacteria in water depending upon the capacitance modulation in the presence and absence of E.coli cell, which is simulated in ...

Multiphysics Modelling in the Electromagnetic Levitation and Melting of Liquid Metals

A. A. Roy, V. Bojarevics, and K. Pericleous
University of Greenwich
London, UK

The aim of this article is to demonstrate the capability of the software for predicting free-surface motion and internal fluid flow in an electromagnetically levitated sample of liquid metal. Multiphysics solutions which demonstrate the usefulness of Comsol as a powerful MHD simulation tool have been generated to two industrial problems using the ALE moving-mesh module in combination with the ...

FEM Simulations of Rod-Type Photonic Crystal Slabs as Resonant Microsystems for Optical Gas Sensors

C. Kraeh, and H. Hedler
Siemens AG, Munich
Munich, Germany

We are developing a solid state gas sensor that combines a small form factor with the high sensitivity of optical gas detection. The gas sensor is based on an optical resonant microsystem that is penetrated by gas molecules. This microsystem consists of an array of vertical rods in air forming a photonic crystal. Light propagates through the photonic crystal along a line defect waveguide. For ...

Development of Mathematical Model for Determining Sound Reduction Index of Building Elements

J. Ratnieks, A. Jakovics, and J. Klavins
University of Latvia
Riga, Latvia

Although we know the physics inside a media where the sound waves propagate, determination of material\'s or structure\'s sound reduction index is not an easy task. The lack of good engineering solutions proves the point. The only reliable way to calculate the sound reduction index is to carry out an experiment.Therefore, the aim of this study is to develop a mathematical model that can ...